Pain in the area between the arch and toes, or ball of the foot, is called metatarsalgia. The pain usually centers on one or more of the five bones (metatarsals) in this mid-portion of your foot. 

Metatarsalgia occurs when one of your metatarsal joints becomes painful or inflamed. This could be because of arthritis, foot injury, standing of hard surfaces like cement or tile floors, and specific footwear, like rigid-soled work boots. You may develop a callus under this inflamed joint. 

A simple change of shoes may solve the problem, and if it persists custom orthotics will help alleviate the pain and prevent overpronation.